The Difference Between Monocrystalline and Polycrystalline Silicon Panels

Solar panels come in different types. The most popular ones are those that are made of monocrystalline and polycrystalline silicon materials. If you’re not sure which of them is best for your installation, read on to learn more about their distinct qualities.

Monocrystalline Silicon Solar Panels

These solar panels are made from a single, uninterrupted silicon crystal structure and among the most efficient and dependable ways to generate power from the sun. Monocrystalline PV module manufacturers cut the material into large cylindrical ingots, which are then sliced to create thin wafer cells that are usually dark blue or black in color.

Since they’re made out of the highest grade of silicon, monocrystalline cells have the highest efficiency rates, ranging from 15% to 20%. They also produce the greatest amount of electricity even if mounted on the smallest space. If your rooftop area is not that large, these are the best panels to use since you’ll get more electricity for every square meter.

Another great thing about monocrystalline silicon solar panels is that they have a long lifespan. They also perform well even under low-light conditions.

Polycrystalline Silicon Solar Panels

Also known as multi-crystalline solar panels, these are created by pouring raw silicon directly into a square mold, which is eventually cooled and cut into square wafers. This process isn’t as complicated and creates less waste, thus lowering the manufacturing cost, which is passed on to the consumers.

Polycrystalline solar panels have low heat tolerance, which means they don’t operate well in high temperatures. The good news is that they do perform efficiently during colder days.

While polycrystalline cells have been commonly thought to be not as good as monocrystalline, they’re quickly catching up in terms of getting a fair share of the market. The less expensive method of production, with only a minor drop in efficiency rates, has made them quite popular among residential users.

Also, the process of producing poly wafers has improved significantly. The efficiency and performance of polycrystalline cells have become comparable to that of a monocrystalline panel but at a slightly lower cost.

Switching to solar energy is a smart move. And, it’s critical to know which solar panel is best for your household or business needs. But, regardless of the variant you choose, search for the most reliable polycrystalline or monocrystalline PV module manufacturer to make sure you’re getting quality systems that suit your budget.

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